Almost 87% of patients suffering from disc herniations don’t need to go through surgery. The primary step is a diagnosis, a proper history taking, and evaluation, through physical examination and appropriate medicines can heal most of the cases, however, the proper treatment process includes,
Medicines– Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen is generally prescribed. This drug relaxes the stiffness and spasm of the surrounding muscles other drugs like cyclobenzaprine, or diazepam can also be given.
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are also beneficial in this case, they reduce the inflammation and gives relief from the pain.
- Corticosteroid injections can also be given
- Opioid medications
- Muscle relaxants
Several therapeutic processes:
- Chiropractic treatment by adjusting the spine through massage and other techniques
- Light exercise and walking to increase flexibility and proper activity
- Yoga and physiotherapy to increase muscle power and strength.
Several ultrasound techniques are also currently used by the doctors for neck and spine injury.
If the medicines and other therapeutic processes are not successful then the last option is to go through surgery except in those cases where there is any high chance of getting a nerve damage and permanent paralysis.
Cervical and lumbar surgeries are very critical, and they are not done until and unless it is not the last stage.
However, most of the disc problems heal without any surgical process. Within a short period of time people back to their normal life. We should also be careful about the fact that the problems may arise in future again, so long-term exercise and proper lifestyle is highly recommended.